Central American Free Trade Agreement
Implementation Legislation in CAFTA Countries
- April 7, 2006. Representatives Kucinich, Michaud, Grijalva, Lee, Waters, Brown,
Evans, Stark, and Allen.
Letter to USTR Concerning CAFTA Implementation in Guatemala.
- November 16, 2005. Document given to Guatemalan government by the USTR.
Preliminary List of Implementation Deficiencies: Guatemala.
- News Stories.
Official Groups That Advise USTR
June 14, 2005.
Developing Countries Gain Access To More Medicines Under CAFTA.
Excerpt on CAFTA from
PhRMA's Submission to the USTR for the 2003 Special 301 Report
The U.S-Central America Free Trade Agreement will considerably upgrade the
level of IP protection in the region. Provisions on data protection, patent term
restoration, linkage and patentability will provide a better framework for investment and
improve patientís access to medicines.
However, the Agreement must be first approved by the Congresses in the United
States and the countries in the region and adequately implemented. PhRMA urges that
countries that are part of the agreement extend a stand still on TRIPS violations,
particularly the failure to protect test data. Health authorities have continually relied on
innovatorsí data in order to authorize copies into the market for many years in clear
violation of Trips Article 39.3.
Of great concern is the apparent disregard of industrial property rights. Health
Authorities do not request any information regarding existing patents when market
approval files for copies are submitted. Within the custom unionís process, the current
provision in force could lead to marketing approval in one country being granted
without any consideration to existing patents in the country applying for mutual
- February 8, 2006. John McPhaul fro Reuters.
Costa Rica election another blow to US trade pact.
- February 7, 2006. Marla Dickerson and Evelyn Iritani for the Los Angeles Times.
Trade Accord With U.S. Splits Voters in Costa Rica.
- August 6, 2005. John Zarocostas for the British Journal of Medicine.
Trade agreement may restrict supply of essential drugs in Central America, experts say.
- July 28, 2005. Associated Press.
In Bush win, House narrowly approves CAFTA.
- July 28, 2005. Kaiser News Network.
House Passes CAFTA; Bush Expected To Sign Pact; HIV/AIDS Advocates Say Agreement
Could Threaten Treatment Access.
- Juloy 28, 2005. Rick Klein for the Boston Globe.
House passes free-trade agreement in tight vote.
- July 26, 2005. Jim Lobe for the Inter Press Service.
Activists See CAFTA as Gift to Big Pharma.
- July 26, 2005. Jim Abrams for the Washington Post.
CAFTA Supporters Gain Some Votes.
- July 25, 2005. Rebecca Adams for the Congressional Quarterly.
'Big Pharma' vs. Generic In CAFTA Drug War.
- July 21, 2005. Jonathan Weinstein for the Washington Post.
Administration Trying to Build CAFTA Majority Vote by Vote.
- July 11, 2005. Ruth M. Heifetz for the San Diego Union Tribune.
CAFTA Blocks Access to Medicines.
- July 9, 2005. Rep. Pete Stark's letter to the editor of the Washington Post.
A Clear Choice on CAFTA.
- July 3, 2005. Stephanie Saul for the New York Times.
Drug Lobby Got a Victory in Trade Pact Vote.
- July 3, 2005. David Armstrong for the San Francisco Chronicle.
CAFTA friends, foes state their case on free trade deal -
Central America pact goes to House after OK by Senate.
- July 1, 2005. Paul Blustein for the Washington Post.
CAFTA Wins Approval from Senate.
- June 17, 2005. Inside U.S. Trade.
Waxman, Generic Pharmaceutical Group Criticize FTA IPR Provisions.
- June 15, 2005. Reuters.
House panel gives preliminary approval to CAFTA.
- June 12, 2005. Thomas B. Edsall for the Washington Post.
CAFTA in Peril on Capitol Hill - One Business Leader Gives Lawmakers an Ultimatum.
- May 26, 2005. Sophie Walker for Reuters.
Vote now on CAFTA or ditch it, say lawmakers.
- May 26, 2005. Rahul Rajkumar for the Boston Globe.
CAFTA Will Hurt People With HIV.
- May 25, 2005. Kelly Hearn for AlterNet.
- May 3, 2005. John Lyons for the Wall Street Journal.
Costa Rica Balks At Free-Trade Pact - Misgivings Could Weaken
Support in U.S. Congress For Central America Deal.
- April 22, 2005. Marla Dickerson and Evelyn Iritani for the L.A. Times.
AIDS Patients See Life, Death Issues in Trade Pact.
- April 21, 2005. Geoff Earle for The Hill.
Showdown looms as hearings on CAFTA begin in the House.
- March 30, 2005. Frank Jack Daniel for Reuters.
Guatemalan HIV patients slam new trade rules.
- March 30, 2005. Op-ed by Harold Meyerson for the Washington Post.
CAFTA's Profit Motive.
- March 11, 2005. Sergio de Leon for the Associated Press.
Guatemala votes to ratify free trade pact.
- March 11, 2005. Voice of America.
Guatemala Ratifies Trade Pact with US.
- March 9, 2005. Reuters.
Guatemala protests delay trade pact with U.S.
- February 2, 2005. Bridges Weekly Trade News Digest.
US Pressures Guatemala to Strengthen Data Protection Rules.
- January 14, 2005. Inside U.S. Trade.
USTR Increases Pressure on Guatemala to Drop Data Protection Law.
- January 10, 2005. Inside U.S. Trade.
USTR Summons CAFTA Governments For Meeting On Guatemala Law
- August 27, 2004. Evelyn Iritanie for the L.A. Times.
Latino leaders not united on CAFTA:
Free trade brings argument of more wealth or despair.
- August 20, 2004. Gregg Harrington for the Columbian.
Look What's Hidden in CAFTA.
- August 5, 2004. Op-ed by Angelina Godoy and Cameron Herrington in the
Health care difficult in Central America.
- May 29, 2004. Martin Crutsinger for the Associated Press.
CAFTA: Free trade deal draws bipartisan criticism.
- May 28, 2004. Reuters.
U.S., Central America sign CAFTA -
Contentious free trade pact draws fire from Kerry.
May 27, 2004. Doug Palmer for Reuters.
Bush administration eyes "lame duck" vote on CAFTA.
- May 27, 2004. Emad McKay for the Inter Press Service.
Opponents Predict Defeat for Central American Trade Deal.
- December 18, 2003. Neil King Jr. for the Wall Street Journal.
U.S. Reaches a Trade Agreement With 4 Central American Nations.
- December 17, 2003. Doug Palmer for Reuters.
Central American Nations Reach Trade Deal.
- December 17, 2003. Martin Crutsinger for the Associated Press.
U.S., Central American Nations Reach Trade Deal.
- December 17, 2003. Martin Crutsinger for the Associated Press.
Bush faces tough congressional battle over Central American free trade deal.
- December 17, 2003. Bloomberg.
Central American trade deal moves forward.
- December 17, 2003. Jonathan Weisman for the Washington Post.
Accord Reached On Free Trade: Hill Fight Likely Over U.S. Pact With Central Americans.
- December 17, 2003. Edward Alden for the Financial Times.
US in trade deal with Central American nations.
- December 15, 2003. Martin Crutsinger for the Associated Press.
U.S., five Central American countries trying to wrap up free trade pact.
- December 9, 2003. Reuters.
As agreement nears, CAFTA foes plot to kill pact.
- December 9, 2003. Doreen Hemlock for the South Florida Sun-Sentinal.
Central America takes spotlight with trade deal, presidential conference.
- December 9, 2003. Jane Bussey for Knight-Ridder.
Economic, political pressures threaten hemispheric trade agreement.
- December 8, 2003. Emad Mekay for the Inter-Press Service.
U.S.-Central America Deal Could Block Cheap AIDS Drugs.
- October 24, 2003. Editorial in the Houston Chronicle.
CAFTA: Give world's poor, sick access to generic medicines.
- October 1, 2003. Jeffrey Sparshott for the Washington Times.
Zoellick starts tour to negotiate CAFTA.
- March 6, 2003. News Summary by the Gale Group, published on U.S. Embassy
in Costa Rica's website.
Region Rudely Awakened in CAFTA Second Round.
Data exclusivity law in Guatemala repealed Nov. 19, 2004.
CAFTA country profiles published in the CIA World Factbook