9.-(1) An invention shall be patentable under this Part if it is susceptible of industrial application, is new and involves an inventive step.
(2) Any of the following in particular shall not be regarded as an invention within the meaning of subsection (1):
(a) a discovery, a scientific theory or a mathematical method,
(b) an aesthetic creation,
(c) a scheme, rule or method for performing a mental act, playing a game or doing business, or a program for a computer,
(d) the presentation of information.
(3) The provisions of subsection (2) shall exclude patentability of subject-matter or activities referred to in that subsection only to the extent to which a patent application or patent relates to such subject-matter or activities as such.
(4) A method for treatment of the human or animal body by surgery or therapy and a diagnostic method practised on the human or animal body shall not be regarded as an invention susceptible of industrial application for the purposes of subsection (1). This provision shall not apply to a product, and in particular a substance or composition, for use in any such method.
(5) The Minister may by order modify any of the provisions of this section or of section 10 (other than paragraph (a)), or section 11 for the purpose of giving effect, in relation to the patentability of inventions, to the European Patent Convention as amended by any international treaty, convention or agreement to which the State is or proposes to become a party .
10. A patent shall not be granted in respect of-
(a) an invention the publication or exploitation of which would be contrary to public order or morality, provided that the exploitation shall not be deemed to be so contrary only because it is prohibited by law;
(b) a plant or animal variety or an essentially biological process for the production of plants or animals other than a microbiological process or the products thereof.
70.-(1) At any time after the expiration of the period of three years, or such other period as may be prescribed, beginning on the date of the publication of notice of grant of a patent any person may apply to the Controller for a licence under the patent, or for an entry in the register to the effect that licences under the patent are to be available as of right, on one or more of the grounds specified in subsection (2).
(2) The grounds referred to in subsection (1) are the following:
(a) that the invention which is the subject of the patent, being capable of being commercially worked in the State, is not being commercially worked therein or is not being so worked to the fullest extent that is reasonably practicable;
(b) that a demand in the State for a product which is protected by the patent is not being met, or is not being met on reasonable terms, or is being met to a substantial extent by importation;
(c) that the commercial working in the State of the invention which is the subject of the patent is being prevented or hindered by the importation of a product which is protected by the patent;
(d) that by reason of the refusal of the proprietor to grant a licence or licences on reasonable terms-
(i) a market for the export of a product which is protected by the patent and is manufactured in the State is not being supplied; or
(ii) the working or efficient working in the State of any other invention which is the subject of a patent and which makes a substantial contribution to the art is prevented or hindered; or
(iii) the establishment or development of commercial or industrial activities in the State is unfairly prejudiced;
(e) that by reason of conditions imposed by the proprietor upon the grant of licences under the patent, or upon the purchase, hire or use of the product or process which is the subject of the patent, the manufacture, use or sale of materials not protected by the patent or the establishment or development of commercial or industrial activities in the State is unfairly prejudiced;
(f) that a condition which by virtue of section 83 is null and void has been included in a contract in relation to the sale or lease of, or licence to use or work, any product or process protected by the patent.
(3) Subject as hereinafter provided, the Controller may, on an application being made under this section, if satisfied that any of the grounds specified in subsection (2) are established, make an order in accordance with the application, and where the order is for the grant of a licence, it may require the licence to be granted upon such terms as the Controller thinks fit; provided that-
(a) where the application is made on the grounds that the invention which is the subject of the relevant patent is not being commercially worked in the State or is not being worked to the fullest extent that is reasonably practicable, and it appears to the Controller that the time which has elapsed since the grant of the patent has for any reason been insufficient to enable it to be so worked, he may by order adjourn the application for such period as will, in his opinion, give sufficient time for the invention to be so worked;
(b) an order shall not be made under this section for an entry in the register on the ground that a market for the export of the product which is protected by the relevant patent is not being supplied, and any licence granted under this section on that ground shall contain such provisions as appear to the Controller to be expedient for restricting the countries in which the product may be sold or used by the licensee;
(c) no order shall be made under this section in respect of a patent on the ground that the working or efficient working in the State of another invention which is the subject of a patent is prevented or hindered unless the Controller is satisfied that the proprietor of the patent of which the other invention is the subject is able and willing to grant to the proprietor of the patent and his licensees a licence in respect of that other invention on reasonable tenns;
(d) any licence granted under this section shall be both non-exclusive and non-transferable;
(e) the tenns of any licence so granted may be so framed as to preclude the licensee from importing into the State any goods the importation of which the proprietor of the patent has the right to prevent, and in case the said tenns are so framed the proprietor of the patent and all licensees under the patent shall be deemed to have mutually covenanted against such importation;
(f) in settling the tenns of any licence granted under this section in respect of a patent which relates to food or medicine the Controller shall endeavour to secure that food and medicine shall be available to the public at the lowest prices consistent with the proprietors of patents deriving reasonable remuneration having regard to the nature of the inventions.
(4) The Controller shall, in determining whether to make an order in pursuance of an application under this section, take account of the following matters, that is to say-
(a) the nature of the relevant invention, the time which has elapsed since the grant of the patent and the measures already taken by the proprietor or any licensee to make full use of the invention;
(b) the ability of any person to whom a licence would be granted under the order to work the invention to the public advantage; and
(c) the risks to be undertaken by that person in providing capital and working the invention if the application is granted; but he shall not be required to take account of matters subsequent to the making of the application.
(5) An application under this section may be made by any person notwithstanding the fact that he is already the holder of a licence under the patent, and no person shall be stopped from alleging any of the matters mentioned in subsection (2) by reason of any admission made by him, whether in such a licence or otherwise, or by reason of his having accepted such a licence.
(6) Section 68(3) shall apply to a licence granted in pursuance of an order under this section as it applies to a licence granted by virtue of section 68.
(Provisions as to compulsory licences.)
71.-(1) Where the Controller is satisfied, on application made under section 70, that the manufacture, use or sale of materials not protected by the relevant patent is unfairly prejudiced by reason of conditions imposed by the proprietor of the patent upon the grant of licences under the patent, or upon the purchase, hire or use of the product or process which is the subject of the patent, he may, subject to the provisions of that section, order the grant of licences under the patent to such customers of the applicant as he thinks fit as well as to the applicant.
(2) Where an application under section 70 is made by a person being the holder of a licence under the relevant patent, the Controller may, if he makes an order under section 70 for the grant of a licence to the applicant, order the existing licence to be cancelled, or may, if he thinks fit, instead of making such an order, order the existing licence to be amended.
(Licences, etc. on application of Minister of Government.)
72.-( 1) At any time after the expiration of the period of three years beginning on the date of the publication of notice of grant of a patent, or such other period as may be prescribed under section 70(1), any Minister of the Government may apply to the Controller upon anyone or more of the grounds specified in section 70 for an entry in the register to the effect that licences under the patent are to be available as of right, or for the grant to any person specified in the application of a licence under the patent, and the Controller may, if satisfied that any of those grounds are established, make an order in accordance with the application.
(2) Sections 70(3) and 71 shall, so far as applicable, apply in relation to an application and an order made under this section as they apply in relation to an applica- tion and an order under section 70.
(Procedure on applications under sections 70 and 72.)
73.-( 1) Every application under section 70 or 72 shall specify the nature of the order sought by the applicant and shall contain a statement (to be verified in such manner as may be prescribed) setting out the nature of the applicant's interest (if any) and the facts upon which the application is based.
(2) Where the Controller is satisfied, upon consideration of any application referred to in subsection (1), that a prima facie case has been made out for the making of an order, he shall direct the applicant to serve copies of the application upon the proprietor of the relevant patent and any other persons appearing from the register to be interested in the patent in respect of which the application is made, and shall advertise the application in the Journal.
(3) The proprietor of the relevant patent or any other person desiring to oppose an application referred to in subsection (1) may, within such time as may be prescribed, give to the Controller notice of opposition.
(4) A notice of opposition given under this section shall contain a statement (to be verified in such manner as may be prescribed) setting out the grounds on which the relevant application is opposed.
(5) Where a notice of opposition is duly given under this section, the Controller shall notify the applicant and shall, subject to the provisions of section 74 with respect to arbitration, determine the question.
(Use of inventions pursuant to section 77; supplementary provisions.)
78.-(1) During any period when an order under subsection (2)(a) is in force the power exercisable in relation to an invention by a Minister of the Government, or a person authorized by a Minister of the Government under section 77, shall include power to use the invention for any purpose which appears to such Minister to be necessary or expedient-
(a) for the maintenance of supplies and services essential to the life of the community;
(b) for securing a sufficiency of supplies and services essential to the well-being of the community;
(c) for promoting the productivity of commerce and industry, including agriculture;
(d) generally for ensuring that the whole resources of the community are available for use and are used, in a manner best calculated to serve the interests of the community;
(e) for assisting the relief of suffering and the restoration and distribution of essential supplies and services in any country or territory other than the State that is in grave distress; or
(f) for ensuring the public safety and the preservation of the State.
(2)(a) Where the Government are of opinion that, owing to the existence of exceptional circumstances, it is desirable in the interests of the cornmunity that a power conferred by subsection (1) shall be available, they may by order declare that the power shall be available.
(b) Where an order under paragraph (a) of this subsection is for the time being in force and the Government are of the opinion that the exceptional circumstances referred to in that paragraph no longer exist, they shall by order revoke the first-mentioned order.