CPT's Uniform Computer Information Transactions Act (UCITA) Page


CPT's Work on UCITA

  • June 9, 2000. Examples of Questionable EULAs? Slashdot.
  • April 11, 2000, Vergil Bushnell, Letter to Maryland Governor Glendening Opposing UCITA. Reply from Maryland Governor's Office, June 15, 2000.

    CPT's earlier work on UCITA (when it was called UCC 2B) is available here.

    Understanding How UCITA Harms Consumers

    UCITA is a complex and convoluted document. Even something as basic as the scope of UCITA is the subject to a range of often conflicting interpretations. CPT is in the process of assembling several guides to help consumers understand UCITA.

    Are Shrinkwrap Licenses Legally Enforceable?
    Court opinions regarding Shrinkwrap and Clickwrap licenses.

    UCITA and Conspicuousness.
    Many software publishers insist on concealing their License Agreements from the consumer until after a purchase has been finalized. This practice significantly harms the consumer's ability to make an informed purchase.

    Read the text of UCITA including official Comments and Amendments.

    CPT's Collection of Current Shrinkwrap and Clickwrap Contract Terms

    Most consumers don't read the fine print that accompanies software or Internet-based services. These non-negotiable, standard form "shrinkwrap" or "clickwrap" contracts of adhesion are "activated" when the consumer signifies his assent by breaking a plastic seal, installing the software, or clicking on a virtual button marked I Agree -- actions regarded as little more than formalities.

    Currently, the enforceability of shrinkwrap contract terms is questionable. UCITA seeks to change that.

    A good way to understand the implications UCITA will have on consumers is to view examples of these contract terms.

    Click on the button to see CPT's collection of shrinkwrap/clickwrap contract terms.


    Resources on UCITA

    CPT's UCITA E-mail List

    CPT has recently created an e-mail list to facilitate discussion about UCITA. This e-mail list is open to all -- consumers interested in learning more about UCITA, lawyers, policymakers, journalists, software industry advocates -- regardless of opinion or experience. The list is simply called "ucita". To subscribe or view the list archives, click on the links below.

    ucita Archives | Subscribe to ucita

  • CPT's old page on UCC Article 2B
  • The FTC's Understanding the Magnuson-Moss Warranty Act.

    Recent Developments

  • The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) held a Oct. 26-27 2000 workshop entitled "Warranty Protection for High-Tech Products and Services." Here are the transcripts .

    UCITA Links

    Opponents of UCITA

    Advocates of UCITA

    UCITA's primary proponents are its drafters (The National Council of Commissioners of Uniform State Law) and trade organizations representing corporations that would benefit from UCITA's passage, such as large software publishers.

    UCITA In The News

  • April 9, 2001. Andrew Brandt. Click With Caution: User Licenses Get Tough. PCWorld.
  • December 8, 2000. Bruce Rolston, Look Before Your Click, Part 1 and 2. The Adrenaline Vault.
  • May 2, 2000, Mit Spears, Virginia's software law from ... heck. Upside Today.
  • April 25, 2000, John Marcotte, UCITA: Click "I Agree" to Waive Rights. Government Technology News.
  • April 10, 2000, Bob Kopp, Maryland Legislature Approves Amended UCITA. Technocrat.net.
  • March 13, 2000, Robert Lemos, Click here ... and lose your rights. ZDNet News.
  • March 3, 2000, Patrick Thibodeau, CIOs join fight to kill Ucita. Computerworld.
  • February 17, 2000, Roblimo, Lobbying Against UCITA: A Practical Guide, Slashdot.org.
  • February 6, 2000, Richard Stallman, Why We Must Fight UCITA. Linux Today.
  • July 5, 1999, Dennis Sellers, UCITA: a reason to worry?, MacCentral Online.
    Questions, comments and suggestions to Vergil Bushnell vbushnell@cptech.org

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